Tuesday, November 28, 2017

Tonight's Movie: The Shop Around the Corner (1940)

It's the time of year to gather with family and friends to celebrate the holidays. For those of us who love classic movies, it's also a special time to pull our favorite titles off the shelf as part of our holiday celebrations.

It seems to me that Christmas movies often seem to have a special, indefinable glow. I suspect this is partly because they've become part of our heightened memories of happy times enjoyed during the Christmas season. It's also true that the stories in most Christmas movies evoke warm, positive feelings.

It also doesn't hurt that many Christmas films are simply exceptionally good movies, and one of the very best is THE SHOP AROUND THE CORNER (1940).

THE SHOP AROUND THE CORNER's screenplay by Samson Raphaelson and the uncredited Ben Hecht was based on a play called PARFUMERIE by Miklos Laszlo. Several years after THE SHOP AROUND THE CORNER was released, MGM repurposed the story for the Judy Garland musical IN THE GOOD OLD SUMMERTIME (1949).

The property has proven exceptionally durable, eventually becoming the Broadway musical SHE LOVES ME in 1963; SHE LOVES ME was filmed for TV in 1978, and a revival opened on Broadway in March 2016, starring Zachary Levi and Laura Benanti. (The Levi-Benanti version recently aired on U.S. public television's GREAT PERFORMANCES.) And let's not forget the story was also the basis for the modern classic YOU'VE GOT MAIL (1998), starring Tom Hanks and Meg Ryan.

The now-familiar plot concerns Alfred Kralik (James Stewart) and Klara Novak (Margaret Sullavan), who work at Matuschek's store. They bicker incessantly, not knowing that when they go home at night to write letters to an anonymous penpal, "Dear Friend," they're actually writing to each other.

Eventually Alfred realizes the truth, which causes a sea change in his opinion of Klara, and as Christmas approaches he must find a way to give their relationship a fresh start and ultimately tell her the truth...which leads to a magical Christmas Eve.

As lovingly directed by Ernst Lubitsch, all the characters in the shop come to life along with Alfred and Klara: Troubled shop owner Mr. Matuschek (Frank Morgan), smarmy clerk Mr. Vadas (Joseph Schildkraut), kindly Pirovitch (Felix Bressart), cocky delivery boy Pepi (William Tracy), and clerks Flora (Sara Haden) and Illona (Inez Courtney, who retired shortly after this film was released).

Except for scenes in a restaurant and Klara's bedroom, the entire movie is set at the shop, which lends to the feel that the movie creates a cozy little world of its own, in Matuschek's; as Mr. Matuschek says, the store is where he spends most of his life, and the staff are family.

James Stewart was never better than in THE SHOP AROUND THE CORNER, as a world of emotions play clearly across his face, with every line reading perfection. The moment on Christmas Eve when he seriously tells Klara that he's certain she'll return to the store after Christmas engaged to be married is thrilling, just because of the way he says it. I'd go as far as to say that the Academy should have awarded Stewart the Oscar for this film, rather than his role later that year in THE PHILADELPHIA STORY (1940).

He's matched step for step by Sullavan, who makes dreamy Klara likeable despite her constant sparring with Alfred; indeed, they have such excellent chemistry that it's almost surprising they don't realize earlier that their bickering masks a compelling attraction. Her reactions near the end of the film are delightfully funny. Sullavan had previously costarred with Stewart in THE SHOPWORN ANGEL (1938), and they would costar in a second film in 1940, THE MORTAL STORM.

Frank Morgan did superb work in a number of films at MGM, most notably, of course, the prior year's THE WIZARD OF OZ (1939), and he's quietly heartbreaking as a man hiding the fact that his life is falling apart, while erroneously taking it out on Alfred.

This is my favorite performance by Felix Bressart, who combines tenderness with a puckish sense of humor as Pirovitch; he scurries out of the way whenever Matuschek starts asking for opinions, but he never hesitates to step in to help his friend Alfred, whether Alfred needs the night off or wants a wallet for Christmas instead of a musical cigarette box. The moment where he sticks his head in the office and announces to Alfred that he'll be getting the wallet he wants is one of my favorite moments in the movie. He's delightful.

Although she doesn't have much screen time, Sara Haden (Aunt Milly from the Andy Hardy series) has an appealing serenity as one of the more senior clerks. Inez Courtney's role as Illona is considerably smaller than it is in the musical SHE LOVES ME, but it must be admitted that that helps keep the movie at a brisk 99-minute running time.

Director Lubitsch keeps the film moving along with a lighter-than-air touch; the importance of director and screenwriter are especially apparent when comparing the film to the remake IN THE GOOD OLD SUMMERTIME; the later film is pleasant but is also heavier and clunkier than the perfectly paced original.

William Daniels shot this 99-minute film in black and white. A trailer is here.

THE SHOP AROUND THE CORNER is available as a single-title DVD or as part of the TCM Greatest Classic Films Holiday Collection. It can also be rented for streaming from Amazon Instant Video.

It had been some time since I last watched this film, and revisiting it was like becoming reacquainted with dear friends. I resolved not to let so much time pass before I watch it again! Why not make this charming film a part of your holiday viewing this year?

Update: This film was released on Blu-ray by the Warner Archive in December 2020.  My review of the Blu-ray may be read here.

This post is adapted from a review originally published by ClassicFlix in 2015.


Blogger Blake Lucas said...

One of the most perfect films ever made--it never wears out.

4:16 PM  
Blogger Laura said...

Indeed, it probably gets better each time! Thanks, Blake!

Best wishes,

4:27 PM  
Blogger Jerry Entract said...

A total delight from start to finish.

12:33 AM  
Blogger Caftan Woman said...

I look forward to my time at the shop around the corner every year. It is special, as you glowingly wrote.

7:10 PM  
Blogger Vienna said...

Love it every time. Perfect story and cast. You've made me want to watch it again now!

12:20 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi, Laura.
It's been a while since I last posted here I think. Too busy and not enough time to watch, read or write is my excuse but I happened to watch this the other day and then noticed you had a write up on it.
I think you highlighted the pluses of the movie very well and pointed out all the wonderful performances which make the entire film such a delight - like all the best Christmas movies, it's not afraid to confront the darker moments in order to draw attention to the inherently positive side of the holiday season and human nature in general.
Anyway, the best of the season and a happy, healthy New Year to you and yours.


1:00 PM  
Blogger Laura said...

Thank you all so much for sharing your great love for this wonderful film! I appreciate it very much and hope that you will help encourage anyone new to the film to watch it.

Best wishes,

9:19 PM  

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